Shelf lighting can add an indirect softness and at the same time create a feature in the room. Think of shelves as a window in the room or even like a wall light.
The simplest option is to front light your shelves with a Contour LED strip. This requires a simple down stand on the shelf. Sometimes they can be bare tape on a heat sink however using a visible or reflective metal extrusion may be the best solution. The choice depends on the detail and finishing of the shelf. This solution provides a very even light suitable for most objects.
A different concept would be to back light the shelf by using a Contour LED strip, either with a gap at the back of the shelf or a small upstand. This effect adds depth and is particularly successful when there is a combination of objects, particularly glass and books as the light shines through. This is very dramatic when lighting objects but works less well with books.
3.Individual shelf lighting
Miniature spotlights can be used to create focused pools of light onto specific objects. This works to good effect when the shelves are divided into small sections with a single feature in each.
The positioning depends on various factors such as; the reflective nature of the surfaces being lit, the colour of the surfaces, the object of the illumination. The lighting should be positioned so that it is always concealed from view and does not cause any unwanted shadows.